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Vance Paton Attorney Corpus Christi – This publication contains a complete and official list of foreign consular posts and recognized consular officials in the United States. Compiled by the U.S. Department of State in full cooperation with foreign missions in Washington, D.C., it is offered for the convenience of organizations and individuals dealing with consular representatives of foreign governments. It has been developed with special attention to the requirements of government bodies, public tax officials, international trade organizations, chambers of commerce and judicial bodies, who constantly need convenient access to this type of information. Trade with other regions of the world is becoming an increasingly important element of the United States economy. This important trade mechanism is complicated by numerous restrictions, licensing requirements, quotas, and other measures adopted by individual countries. As both trade and travel regulations are the specific province of the consular services of participating countries, reliable information on entry requirements, cargoes, transportation details and, in many cases, recommendations on needs and consumers may be available. preferences. available at foreign consulates in the United States.

Note: Changes happen every day. The status of individuals listed in this publication should be verified with the Records Office. Immunity of consular officials

Vance Paton Attorney Corpus Christi

Vance Paton Attorney Corpus Christi

Consular officials are accorded appropriate privileges, rights and immunities in accordance with international and domestic law. These foreign officials should be treated with the courtesy and respect appropriate to their position. At the same time, it is a well-established principle of international law that, without prejudice to their privileges and immunities, all persons enjoying such privileges and immunities are bound to respect local laws and regulations. Unless otherwise provided by specific bilateral treaties, they enjoy the limited immunity described in the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR), which contains the applicable rules of international law on the rights, privileges and immunities of consular personnel. In addition, recognized consular officials who are also accredited as diplomatic agents for certain diplomatic missions enjoy full immunity under the provisions of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Communications (VCDR).

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Article 43 of the VCCR provides that the immunity to which consular officers are entitled applies only to acts arising from the exercise of their consular functions. This limited form of immunity, commonly referred to as “official immunity” or “functional immunity,” must be asserted in court as an affirmative defense and is subject to court order. It should be noted that civil claims relating to private contracts and damages resulting from accidents involving automobiles, ships or aircraft are specifically excluded from “official immunity” claims, as are those based on private contracts. Although career consular officers enjoy only limited immunity from jurisdiction, Article 41 of the ICCPR guarantees them personal immunity. Therefore, such persons cannot be arrested or detained pending trial, except in cases of serious crimes and based on the decision of a competent judicial authority. Career consular officers can be identified by credentials issued by the US Department of State, which bear its seal, the officer’s name, and rank.

Family members of consular officers do not enjoy the same privileges and immunities from the civil and criminal jurisdiction of the receiving State as consular officers. However, they should be treated with due courtesy and respect.

Although foreign consular career officers are not mentioned in this publication, these persons also enjoy immunity from civil and criminal jurisdiction of the receiving state with respect to official acts performed in the exercise of their consular functions, subject to court order. However, they do not enjoy personal immunity and are therefore not immune from arrest or detention.

The United States and the following countries have bilateral agreements that in some cases may grant greater privileges and immunities to consular officers, family members, and employees. Republic of Armenia Republic of Moldova Republic of Azerbaijan Republic of the Philippines Republic of Belarus Republic of Poland Republic of Bulgaria Republic of Romania People’s Republic of China Russia Czech Republic Slovakia Republic of Georgia Republic of Tajikistan Republic of Hungary Republic of Turkmenistan Republic of Kazakhstan Republic of Kyrgyzstan Republic of Uzbekistan

Foreign Consular Offices In The United States

Consular premises used exclusively for the work of the consular establishment cannot be entered without the express permission of the head of the consular establishment or his representative or the head of the diplomatic mission. This permit may be issued in the event of a fire or other disaster requiring immediate protective action.

Consular archives and documents are inviolable at all times and wherever they are located. Also inviolable is the official record of the consular post, which means all records relating to the consular post and its functions.

According to US policy, honorary consular officers recognized by the US government are US citizens or permanent resident aliens who perform consular services on a part-time basis. The limited immunity of honorary consular officials is defined by Article 71 of the Criminal Procedure Code. Such persons do not enjoy personal immunity and may be detained pending trial if the circumstances so warrant. However, appropriate measures should be taken to provide such workers with the protection required by their position. Furthermore, the consular archives and documents of a consular establishment headed by an honorary consular officer shall be inviolable at all times and wherever they may be, provided that they are kept separate from other documents and papers of a private or commercial nature connected with other activities. consulate. to an honorary consular official or persons working with that consular official. It

Vance Paton Attorney Corpus Christi

The list is available to the public, for a fee, from the US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (telephone number 512-1800) and from the US Department of State website:

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